Chandragiri Fort, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh
About Chandragiri Fort
Chandragiri is a town in the Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh state in
southern India. It was the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, located
about 12 kms from Tirupati. It is famous for the historical fort built by rulers
of Vijayanagara empire in the 15th century. The site of the fort is protected
and developed as a tourist location by Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development
Corporation. Tourist attractions at the fort include a sound and light show
which recounts the history of the fort.. Once you are through with temple bells
and shrines, visit the Chandragiri Fort built on a huge rock about 56 mts high
and find those remains of palaces and temples. Relieve the lives of the
Vijayanagar royal families in the Raja and Rani Mahal. Coming up shortly is an
exciting sound and light show to add a perfect touch in the evenings.
History of Chandragiri Fort
The well-secured fortification having cyclopean walls buttressed with the
typical bastions at regular intervals and pierced with gateways and zig-zag
entrances, appears to have been erected originally by Immadi Narasinga Yadava
Raya, while ruling from Narayanavanam. It gained importance with the rise of
kings of the Saluva lineage of the Vijayanagara Empire. Structures in the
Citadel: The fort along with the structures inside owes much of its construction
to the Vijayanagara rule. Raja Mahal and Rani Mahal are the two imposing
structures fairly preserved in the citadel. Both are raised on high moulded
plinths and have in their layout a series of corridors, halls and rooms with
projecting window balconies decorated with stuccowork and supported by heavy
corbels. The austere yet elegant flat ceilings are laced with a border of
foliage design. The steps to upper storeys are well lit by narrow arched slits.
These edifices are built in coursed rubble masonary set in lime mortar with
finely plastered surfaces and limited usage of timber. These bear close
resemblance with the famous Lotus Mahal in the Zonana enclosure at Hampi a World
Heritage site. The temples of Chandragiri also follow the typical Vijayanagara
pattern of plan in having a sanctum, a vestibule and an open pillared mandapa.
Recent excavations by the Hyderabad Circle of the Archaeological Survey of
India, near the Rani Mahal, have laid bare the remnants of some more structures
in the form of terraced pillared halls, court- yards and well secured restricted
entrances with Yali balustraded flight of steps leading to the edifices.
Tourists can also enjoy boating in a lake right next to hill
slopes.Chandragiri is at a distance of 12KM from Tirupati city, home for world
famous temple of Lord Balaji.
How to reach Chandragiri Fort
- Road: The best way to visit Chandragiri is to take a Taxi from Tirupati.
Regular government and private buses ply between Tirupati and Chandragiri.
Three wheelers, rickshaws at affordable cost are available at the town bus
- Rail: Tirupati is connected to rest of India by rail.
- Air: Nearest air port tirupati.