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Chandragiri Fort, Chittoor, Andhra Pradesh


About Chandragiri Fort

Chandragiri is a town in the Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh state in southern India. It was the former capital of the Vijayanagara Empire, located about 12 kms from Tirupati. It is famous for the historical fort built by rulers of Vijayanagara empire in the 15th century. The site of the fort is protected and developed as a tourist location by Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation. Tourist attractions at the fort include a sound and light show which recounts the history of the fort.. Once you are through with temple bells and shrines, visit the Chandragiri Fort built on a huge rock about 56 mts high and find those remains of palaces and temples. Relieve the lives of the Vijayanagar royal families in the Raja and Rani Mahal. Coming up shortly is an exciting sound and light show to add a perfect touch in the evenings.

History of Chandragiri Fort

The well-secured fortification having cyclopean walls buttressed with the typical bastions at regular intervals and pierced with gateways and zig-zag entrances, appears to have been erected originally by Immadi Narasinga Yadava Raya, while ruling from Narayanavanam. It gained importance with the rise of kings of the Saluva lineage of the Vijayanagara Empire. Structures in the Citadel: The fort along with the structures inside owes much of its construction to the Vijayanagara rule. Raja Mahal and Rani Mahal are the two imposing structures fairly preserved in the citadel. Both are raised on high moulded plinths and have in their layout a series of corridors, halls and rooms with projecting window balconies decorated with stuccowork and supported by heavy corbels. The austere yet elegant flat ceilings are laced with a border of foliage design. The steps to upper storeys are well lit by narrow arched slits. These edifices are built in coursed rubble masonary set in lime mortar with finely plastered surfaces and limited usage of timber. These bear close resemblance with the famous Lotus Mahal in the Zonana enclosure at Hampi a World Heritage site. The temples of Chandragiri also follow the typical Vijayanagara pattern of plan in having a sanctum, a vestibule and an open pillared mandapa. Recent excavations by the Hyderabad Circle of the Archaeological Survey of India, near the Rani Mahal, have laid bare the remnants of some more structures in the form of terraced pillared halls, court- yards and well secured restricted entrances with Yali balustraded flight of steps leading to the edifices.

Tourists can also enjoy boating in a lake right next to hill slopes.Chandragiri is at a distance of 12KM from Tirupati city, home for world famous temple of Lord Balaji.

How to reach Chandragiri Fort

  • Road: The best way to visit Chandragiri is to take a Taxi from Tirupati. Regular government and private buses ply between Tirupati and Chandragiri. Three wheelers, rickshaws at affordable cost are available at the town bus stand.
  • Rail: Tirupati is connected to rest of India by rail.
  • Air: Nearest air port tirupati.

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